Joint pain is becoming increasingly common here in the UK, and although there are numerous different causes and types of joint pain, there are a few key culprits that tend to crop up more often than others.

Generally speaking, joint pain will tend to strike the knee joint hardest – the knee is the most commonly damaged joint and is also quite susceptible to pain. The knee has a very limited range of movement compared to the body’s other joints, only moving in one direction, so any deviance from this can create complications.

Here is our round-up of the five most common causes of joint pain. Do you suffer from any of these?

  • Osteoarthritis
  • With more than 100 different variations of arthritis, osteoarthritis is the most common strain in the UK. Affecting either one joint or multiple joints, osteoarthritis symptoms include pain and stiffness around the joint, as this disease damages the protective surface of bones. This causes a mild swelling of the tissues in and around the joint.

  • Inflammation Of Joint Lining
  • Also known as traumatic synovitis, this occurs when an injured joint becomes painful again due to the thin layer of tissue surrounding the joint and tendons becoming inflamed.

  • Gout / Pseudogout
  • Another form of arthritis, you’ll often find that gout affects your big toe first while pseudogout will impact your knee. Common symptoms for these conditions include the skin over the joint being red and hot. Gout is normally caused by a build up of the waste product uric acid. If you have high levels of this then crystals will form in the joint, leading to painful inflammation. Pseudogout is very similar, however instead of crystals of uric acid forming, it is crystals of calcium doing the damage.

  • Cartilage Damage
  • If you find that your knees are hurting more when you go up and down the stairs, then you may be suffering from the overuse injury chondromalacia patella. This is basically damage to the cartilage at the back of the kneecap.

  • Bleeding Into The Joint Space
  • Injuries, such as a torn ligament or knee fracture, can cause bleeding in your joint spaces. Symptoms for this often include a swelling of the knee, the knee being stiff and bruised and it’ll also feel warm. This condition is called haemarthrosis.

    If you believe you may have any of these conditions, it’s important that you see your doctor straight away to get a confirmed diagnosis and treatment plan in place.